Mobile bird identification
Bird Field Guide

Whooper Swan

Cygnus cygnus
Order: Anseriformes

Family: Anatidae

Genus:  Cygnus

Species: C. cygnus
Adult Male and Female
General distribution:
Breeds in Scandinavia and Iceland. Winters in NW and SE Europe sometimes mixing with Bewick Swans. Visits the UK in Winter where it is locally common. Main sites are around South East, central England and Scotland, often on reserves where they are fed. Uncommon in the SW.

The Whooper is very much a terrestrial bird spending most of the Winter on water logged grassland. Flocks of Mute Swan often have an odd Whooper with them when seen on farm land so they are always worth checking.
Breeds on remote tundra pools. In Winter can be found grazing on pasture. Spends the night on open water.
Identifying a Whooper Swan

*Wedge shaped bill

* key ID points
Juvenile (1st Winter)

Short tail

Identifying a Juvenile Whooper Swan
* key ID points
Adult and Juvenile Whooper Swans. Note the long upright necks.
Bewick Swan
Whooper Swan
Mute swan
White-fronted Goose
Bean Goose
Pink-footed Goose
Greylag Goose
Canada goose
Barnacle Goose
Brent Goose
Swans and Geese

All White plumage

The adult Whooper Swan is smaller than the Mute Swan. It is an all White bird with a heavy Yellow, Black tipped bill. The Whooper Swan has a longer thinner neck than the Bewick.

*Longer slender neck than Whooper

Greyish body

The Juvenile Whooper Swan has a Greyish body and a pale often Pinkish bill with a Black tip. Can be separated from a Juvenile Bewick Swan in the same way as the adult, by bill shape and long thin neck.
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*Slightly smaller than Mute Swan

Thanks to:;
Identifying a Whooper Swan by head shape
Identifying a Bewick Swan by head shape
Bewick Swan
Whooper Swan
The Bewick's bill is more concave on top and the Whoopers bill is straighter, more wedge like. Using the amount of Yellow on the bill is problematic as individuals vary, however the Whoopers Yellow is usually more of a 'V' shape pointing to the tip.

*Long flat forehead and bill

Short tail

*Longer slender neck than Whooper

*Slightly smaller than Mute Swan